Infection Control in Hospitals: A Worldwide Problem
Nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in every health care system, especially in developing countries. Common nosocomial infections include surgical site infections, bloodstream infections, pneumonia, and tuberculosis (TB).
Outbreaks of infections, especially in hospitals with limited resources, can affect numerous patients and staff, and controlling such outbreaks unnecessarily consumes scarce resources. Furthermore, worldwide increases in the resistance of infectious organisms to common antimicrobials multiply the difficulties and expense of treating hospital infections.
However, nosocomial infections can be prevented and controlled among staff and patients through careful and systematic attention to infection control guidelines and procedures.
Primary Objectives :
- Prevention of major infections when providing
- Minimizing the risk of transmission of infectious
- Establish a team of educators and managers in infection control
- Application of universal precautions among health workers.
- Increase universal precautions compliance.
- Decrease the incidence of nosocomial infections
- Establishment of IPC ( Infection Prevention and Control) team.
- Introduction & historical background.
- Definition of Terminology & Concepts
- IPC objectives.
- Causes of infections.
- Cycles of infections.
- Universal precautions for infection prevention.
- Hands hygiene.
- Environmental hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
- Safe practice regarding (IPC).
- Identification Means of Transmission
- Identification of Risk Factors
- Discussing Infection Control Policies and Procedures
- Implementing infection control measures at work place
- Build IPC Team
- Learn about the basic principles of infection and disease.
- Understand how disease is transmitted.
- Review infection control measures
- Demonstrate Roles and responsibilities
- Identify Standard Infection Prevention and Control precautions.
- Apply Isolation Policy